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To preserve confidentiality, we conducted all interviews in a room at the survey headquarters. The research project was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the State Health Department of Bahia, and all participants provided written informed consent. The constant experience with GBD contributed to participants feeling an immense sense of trust with their stable partners, ultimately diminished their desire to use condoms. At its centre are Brazilian travesti migrants, assigned as male at birth but later seeking to convey the aesthetic attributes of women by repeatedly performing a minutely-studied type of femininity. The maximum score for the PHQ-9 is 27 points. Survey data were collected by oral interviews, and responses were recorded using a tablet. Examining their lives in both Brazil and Europe, it also analyses how their migrations influence the construction of their subjectivities. Further, the relationship between discrimination and a range of negative outcomes experienced by TGW has been increasingly documented [ 22 — 25 ]. For participants between 15—17 years old, an assenting consent form was signed by participants and a consent form was signed by a Youth-NGO in accordance with Research Ethics Guidelines in Brazil.
Drawing on extensive fieldwork in Brazil and Barcelona, this exciting book will appeal to all those interested in gender, sexuality and transgender issues. February 16, ; Published: The proportion of TrTW that never used condoms with stable partners was All interviews were conducted individually and ranged from 44 minutes to 2 hours and 30 minutes. Studies both globally and in Brazil have documented a range of factors impacting the risk for HIV infection. What it presents is an ethnographical study of their bodily and geographic-spatial migrations, analysing how they become travestis through the gendered modification of their bodies, their involvement in sex work, and the transnational migrations to Europe that many of them make. The estimated prevalence for Brazil is even higher: Both terms relay differing levels of performance as a woman and claim the legitimacy of their identity beyond the binary parameters of masculine and feminine, adequacy of their physical image and their bodies using hormone therapy and silicone, desiring to be treated in the feminine and by the name with which they identified. Further, the relationship between discrimination and a range of negative outcomes experienced by TGW has been increasingly documented [ 22 — 25 ]. Data were reviewed and discussed by two authors LM and LAVS , and key themes were discussed with the entire study team. Results Quantitative results Most participants reported more consistent condoms use with casual partners All data collection occurred between September and April A mixed methods study is available from Harvard Dataverse: Respondent-driven sampling was used to recruit the study population. Next, we used inductive codes to identify new factors in the transcripts that may not have been highlighted by the existing literature e. In response to this knowledge gap, we examined the empirical association between GBD and URAI with stable partners and explored their experiences of discrimination from life histories in the largest city of Northeastern Brazil. Social network size degree was measured from the number of TrTW each participant knew within the target population. Structural risk factors also affect vulnerability for HIV infection. LCA was performed on Mplus 5. Transsexual women can relay different degrees of transitioning usually seeking the adequacy of their physical image and their bodies but not always seek sex reassignment surgery. Methods This mixed-methods research began with a cross-sectional survey conducted between and with transgender women in Salvador, the capital city in one of the poorest regions in Brazil. Individuals were asked to participate based on the following characteristics: Coded coupons and coupon manager software were used to minimize duplications. We also used the entropy to summarize the uncertainty of a posteriori classification and provides an indication of discrimination of the classes defined by the model the closer to 1 the better [ 41 ]. Even when compared to other vulnerable groups such as men who have sex with men, TGW consistently report higher rates of discrimination [ 25 ] and stressful psychosocial events [ 8 ]. Study dataset named Replication Data for:
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